One of the most significant trends within the American Jewish community over the past few decades has been the continued rise of intermarriage. For many Jewish seniors who were raised during a time of strong anti-intermarriage messages from the Jewish community, the growth of intermarriage presents a direct challenge to their values.
New programming from synagogues, Jewish federations and nonprofits seeks to help Jewish seniors adapt to these new realities while still maintaining the values they wish to pass along.
“People who are becoming grandparents now grew up at a time when they heard a strong anti-intermarriage message coming from most Jews and the Jewish community,” said Ed Case, CEO of Interfaith Family — a Boston-based interfaith organization that provides information and assistance to interfaith families across the nation.
According to the Pew Research Center’s “A Portrait of Jewish Americans” survey released in October 2013, a clear majority of Jews — 58 percent — marry outside the faith. This is up from 46 percent in 1990 and 17 percent before 1970, when many of today’s Jewish seniors came of age.
At the same time, much like the American population as a whole, the proportion of seniors in the Jewish community is growing — nearly a quarter of Jews are now 65 or older. This creates a new demand for programming that will help Jewish seniors handle their increasingly diverse world.
A new program seeking to reconcile the ongoing Jewish demographic changes is GIFTS: Grandparents Sharing Gratitude, Inspiration, Family Tzedakah and Service, a curriculum put together by Interfaith Family and the Jewish United Fund/Jewish Federation of Metropolitan Chicago with a grant from the Covenant Foundation, which helps grandparents share their values and personal legacy with their grandchildren.
Ari Moffic, a rabbi based in the Chicago area who works with Interfaith Family, has helped develop and teach the GIFTS curriculum at several synagogues.
“A component of [the class] is specifically geared toward how grandparents can share their traditions and pass on their values when their grandchildren are being raised in interfaith families,” Moffic said.
Moffic noted several varieties of interfaith families: “Some families have children who marry out of the faith, but raise their children Jewish, while others are raising their children as nothing, and the grandparents aren’t sure if their adult children want religion or not. That can be very difficult.”
He added: “Sometimes interfaith children have chosen another religion entirely, and that can be even harder.”
Some grandparents are looking for tips on how to deal with their interfaith families and connect with their grandchildren, or just to vent their frustrations.
Moffic said that many times, grandparents will simply say, “All I want is Jewish grandchildren.”
“We try to break that feeling down for them and explore where it comes from,” she said. “Is it because they just feel it is a rich and wonderful way of life? Or is it because of social peer pressure from their friends, who go to their grandkids’ bar or bat mitzvah, and they feel isolation and pain because they aren’t having those experiences?”
“Sometimes it is even just shame,” said Moffic. “They feel guilt that they didn’t do enough to instill Judaism in their own children.”
Sharon Morton, a retired Jewish educator at Am Shalom Synagogue in Glencoe, Ill., is the founder of Grandparents for Social Action, an organization dedicated to helping Jewish grandparents and seniors seeking to share their roots in social action with their grandchildren.
Morton is also working with Moffic and the Chicago Jewish federation in developing and teaching the GIFTS curriculum to Jewish seniors. She said one reason she started the organization to help other Jewish seniors was her own experience dealing with her daughter’s marriage to a Christian man, and the couple’s decision to raise her grandchildren in a Christian home.
“When my grandchildren were young, I taught them about Jewish values like philanthropy, tikkun olam [repairing the world], and being a mensch,” Morton said. “They all thought being a philanthropist was a law at 7 years old.”
Morton said she now travels around the country helping other Jewish seniors communicate the values they think are important.
“I have spoken to a lot of people whose kids are in interfaith homes and whose grandchildren are Christian, and they want to know what to do and how to deal with it,” she said. “What do you do when your dream is not what you expected it to be?”
In many cases, Morton explained, the parents’ or grandparents’ process for handling an interfaith marriage of children or grandchildren is similar to the process for grieving.
“I talk to other people about that all the time. I tell them it is a process; there is a time for grieving, denial and then finally acceptance. … This is the process I went through with my daughter,” she said, explaining that today she shares a strong relationship with her daughter based on mutual respect for Judaism and Christianity.
Moffic echoed that sentiment, criticizing some Jewish organizations that encourage grandparents to “subversively” try to get their grandchildren to be Jewish by filling their house with Jewish objects or bringing them to synagogue without parents’ knowledge. She said such an approach “leads to more hurt and distrust.”
“It’s about communication and figuring out ways your grandchildren can embody Jewish values like tikkun olam or tzedakah,” said Moffic. “Certainly you can encourage grandchildren to do all those things, even with Jewish vocabulary, no matter how they are being raised.”