Thursday, October 10, 2013 | return to: views, opinions


The Bay Area Jewish community’s ‘disappearing’ act

by daniel parmer

Follow j. on   and 

J.’s article on the new Jewish population estimates published by the Steinhardt Social Research Institute at Brandeis University (“Study suggests precipitous drop in local Jewish population,” Oct. 4) opened with a tongue-in-cheek jab at the seeming disappearance of 240,000 Jews from the Bay Area.

It’s understandable why Bay Area residents would feel slighted and would wonder if these numbers are pulled out of thin air. The article, written by Dan Pine, accurately portrays the challenges of preparing estimates of the Jewish population. The simplest part of the equation is often the most complex. As Pine points out, how you define who is a Jew is the 240,000-person question.

0_V_parmer_avatar_withnameThe article misrepresents the numbers, however, making it difficult to discern fact from fiction. It is stated that our study “tallied the Bay Area’s entire Jewish adult population at just over 122,000.” This is based on a figure in the report not of the entire Jewish population, but of adults who identify as Jewish when asked about their religion. Estimates of the total population, which we provide at the national level, requires adding estimates of Jewish adults missed by the religion question (Jews not by religion) and Jewish children. At the national level, we estimate about 19 percent of Jewish adults are missed by the religion question. The recently released Pew survey estimated this at around 22 percent.

The rate within specific communities varies. In the East Bay federation’s 2011 survey, it was closer to 30 percent of Jewish adults. In the S.F.-based federation’s 2004 study, it was closer to our national estimate of 19 percent. Furthermore, the counties covered by the three studies do not align, making direct comparisons difficult.

With regard to the comments offered by Bruce Phillips, lead author of San Francisco’s 2004 study, the SSRI estimates, for purposes of population estimation, are not limited by having information only about the individuals interviewed rather than all members of the household. All of the surveys we included were designed to provide representative samples of adults in the U.S. Thus, the randomly selected respondents, when weighted appropriately, are representative of all adults in the population. This obviates the need to ask the religious identity of each household member.

Most important, we tried to make clear on the website and in the report that the county-level estimates are preliminary and should be read (and cited) with appropriate caution. Some counties are better represented in our large sample of national surveys, leading to more precise estimates of these counties. In some cases the estimates are similar to local community studies. For others, such as when our numbers are compared to those reported in the S.F.-based federation study, the estimates are substantially different.

It is also conceivable that the two Bay Area studies under- or over-estimate the size of the Jewish population. This type of bias is one of the inherent limitations of single, cross-sectional surveys. The goal of our project is not to replicate existing Jewish community studies; rather, it is to use the best available data and methods to produce reliable population estimates that are independent from the community surveys and can be used to gauge potential sources of bias and error in new community surveys that are done.

The fact is, with all of this haggling over the numbers, we have missed the real headline. The SSRI approach demonstrates that it is possible to develop an external, censuslike data source of the size and basic demographic composition of American Jews. It’s important to “get it right,” and on many levels we are there. The convergence of our national estimates with the recently published 2013 Pew study on American Jewry should put to rest the heated dispute about the overall size of the Jewish population and more specifically those Jews who identify as Jewish by religion (both estimate this group at 1.8 percent of the total U.S. population, or 4.2 million people).

The report and the website are part of SSRI’s ongoing effort to provide national and local estimates of the size and composition of the American Jewish population. We continue to incorporate more data and improve estimates, especially at the local level. Currently, local Jewish communities spend considerable resources to estimate the size of their Jewish populations.

Going forward, the only thing the Bay Area and other local Jewish communities will see disappear as a result of the SSRI approach is the hefty price tag associated with such studies.


Daniel Parmer is a research associate at the Steinhardt Social Research Institute at Brandeis University. He is co-author of “American Jewish Population Estimates: 2012.”


Posted by Dymninhally
07/31/2014  at  05:01 PM
we cant put up as much as you described there!Goodinformationforblogger!

Don’t be afraid to get personal. Even if you’re a company, getting a little personal can really do a lot to build customer engagement and loyalty. But don’t go too far! People don’t need to know every single monotonous detail of your life. Find a happy balance that gets people interested in your brand.  air max one  If you are just getting started in football training, or are returning after a period of abstinence, stick with exercises that strengthen a wide variety of muscles at the same time. This will give you the overall body strength you need to later progress into isolation exercises for specific strengths.  nike tn  Tell the truth when you take out travel insurance. If you’re sick, let the representative know all about it. Claims will be denied if you supplied false data to get it. In such a circumstance, you will have to foot the bill alone.  escarpin louboutin pas cher  As a pitcher, you must remember that any ball thrown by you is immediately in play. Often, it goes to the glove of the catcher and then to you back again. However, your defensive skills are needed if contact is made, and you also have to react quickly in order to protect yourself at times.  hollister  The worry you have about not being able to fall asleep might be what is keeping you awake! Try to relax at bedtime by doing some deep breathing to breathe in relaxation and breathe out your stress. Remember that being relaxed is the key to sleeping well, so allow yourself to unwind.  hogan  Many companies are now allowing consumers to lease solar energy products. This is perfect if you are unsure if you are a good candidate for solar energy or if you do not have the financial means to purchase a solar energy system. Ask your local electric company for suggestions of companies who lease solar energy products.  nike tn officiel  Lose a few pounds if you need to. Obesity has clearly been linked with sleep apnea according to certain studies. If you slim down, even shedding 25 pounds can provide a drastic improvement in your symptoms.  air jordan pas cher  As you have now learned, anyone educated enough can pick up fishing as a good hobby they can enjoy. By applying the expert advice contained within this article, you’ll be well on your way to becoming a great fisherman.Lots Of Wonderful And Creative Home Interior Design Ideas
Related Links:

Login to reply to this comment or post your own
Posted by Dymninhally
08/04/2014  at  10:21 AM
im cant put up as much as you described here!Goodnewsforwebsite!

If you shop frequently at a certain website or online store, it may be worth it to sign up for their email updates which usually have special offers and sales. This can translate into savings for you as you may get a discount on the item or even free shipping, which can add up to bigger savings if you buy from the site often.  nike tn  Even if you’re in a rush to start playing, it makes sense to go to a driving range and hit some balls there before you tee off for the first time. These practice shots will help you don’t get off to a cold start.  hogan  Offer an exclusive product to people who “like” your Facebook page. You can garner lots of attention quickly by the use of the “like” button. Think about giving folks something unique and free when someone likes your page. It could be something everyone gets or offer a sweepstakes. People are more likely to respond to your requests if the offer is for an incentive that is worth their time.  nike tn pas cher  Consider using a chin strap to keep your snoring under control. Chin straps keep your mouth closed so it is difficult to snore. These devices are available in a wide variety of styles. Many are elastic and simply fit over your head. Others are fitted with Velcro so they can be custom adjusted to fit your head.  nike tn  As you expand your business of real estate investing, make sure to expand your network of contacts as well. People are often just as important as properties, because they can give you exclusive investment offers before they become available to the public. An expansive network can also provide opportunities in selling that you would not have otherwise known about.  hollister sale  If you are new to WordPress, make sure to keep your sidebar simple. Make sure that it only has the essentials. Your visitors shouldn’t have to weed through a ton of ads and banners to find the links they want to click on. Try removing the items in Appearance & Widgets that don’t contribute anything to your cause or business.  air jordan  As you can see, growing your own organic garden is better for you and your family, and it isn’t as difficult as it may appear. It just requires research, regular maintenance outdoors, and some patience. The work will pay off once you see your plants grow.Need Help With Public Speaking? Read This hogan outlet  If you want, write a review of your acupuncturist after a positive set of sessions. This can help you feel better about your experience and can benefit the practitioner by word of mouth. 
Related Links:

Login to reply to this comment or post your own
Posted by Dymninhally
08/06/2014  at  07:56 AM
we cant take up as much as you described that!Greatinformationforwebsite!

Use blue mascara and eye makeup to accentuate brown eyes. Blue can complement your brown eyes by bringing out the color and helps to enhance your face and brighten your eye color. You do not have to use a bright shade of blue; something darker will look great for everyday wear. Keep in mind that eye shadow is supposed to bring out your best features and not to overwhelm them.  nike tn pas cher  One of the best and most memorable couple moments you will ever have is when you get engaged. Unfortunately, the process of planning a wedding can quickly make that romance fade and be replaced with stress and frustration. This article contains tips for couples that can make the planning of their wedding as satisfying as the wedding itself.  air max pas cher  Gather statistical data and analyze it. There’s no way to improve upon your site if you don’t know who is visiting, where they’re coming from, how often they stop by, and what keeps bringing them back (or keeps them away). Use a tool like Google Analytics to help achieve this.  nike air max tn  When in business, try to always lead by example and never just by title. Even if you are not a supervisor or manager, try to be as good at your job as the person above you. This can be a great way to personally move up the ladder, especially if the higher ups see you motivate higher productivity in everyone around you.  louboutin  To protect yourself from an audit keep excellent records. Office supplies and mileage can be written off at tax time, but be sure to keep receipts. Invest in a file cabinet to organize hard copies or scan receipts onto your computer. If you keep detailed records it will be easy for you to face an audit.  nike tn pas cher  If you are trying to shield the ball in the game, and you notice open space, do not be afraid to move toward it. Push the ball with the inside of your food. Doing so will allow for the most control. As you get better, you will find that you can cut back and forth with the ball, switching from the inside to the outside of your foot.  jordan pas cher  Make certain that you have a charger for your battery available at all times. If you have one in your car, home and office, you will be able to recharge your phone any time you need to. Certain uses take a lot of battery power. Avoid losing your battery power this way.  air max pas cher  It is significantly more effective to build your own e-mail list for e-mail marketing than to purchase a list, or acquire the services of a marketing company that has their own lists. The reason for this is that everyone who submits their e-mail address to be a part of your list is interested in the services or products that you have to offer. These people are far more likely to be receptive to your e-mail. 
Related Links:

Login to reply to this comment or post your own

Leave a Comment

In order to post a comment, you must first log in.
Are you looking for user registration? Or have you forgotten your password?

Auto-login on future visits