The Orthodox Union released a new policy barring women from serving as clergy at its 400 member congregations across the United States.
The ruling bars women from holding a title such as “rabbi,” or even from serving without title in a role in which she would be performing “common” clergy functions. It lists those functions as ruling on halachic matters, officiating at lifecycle events, “delivering sermons from the pulpit during services, presiding over or ‘leading services’ at a minyan and formally serving as the synagogue’s primary religious mentor, teacher, and spiritual guide.”
Seven leading modern Orthodox rabbis contributed to the ruling — a response to a small number of synagogues that have hired female clergy ordained by institutions representing a left-wing, or “open” faction, within modern Orthodoxy. Yeshivat Maharat, a New York-based yeshiva, has already graduated 14 female Jewish clergy.
At least four synagogues that are members of the Orthodox Union currently employ women in clergy roles, according to the Forward. Maharat Victoria Sutton is director of education and community engagement at Congregation Beth Israel in Berkeley. She is currently serving as the congregation’s primary clergy while Rabbi Yonatan Cohen is on sabbatical.
Representatives and champions of such groups expressed disappointment at the new policy.
“There are various ways of practicing Judaism, halachic Orthodox Judaism,” Sharon Weiss-Greenberg, executive director of the Jewish Orthodox Feminist Alliance, told the Forward. “We are disappointed, however, that the OU is attempting to squash that healthy debate and impose their [religious ruling] on hundreds of synagogues, thus centralizing power … and not giving autonomy to communities’ lay and professional leaders.”
In a statement accompanying the ruling, the Orthodox Union asserted that the “synagogue experience would be enhanced by … an even greater presence of women functioning as educated, knowledgeable and halachically committed role models, teachers, and pastoral counselors,” and that it would encourage dialogue in order for women within Orthodoxy to “assume greater lay and professional roles” and to remove “barriers that impede women from further contributing to our community, in halachically appropriate ways.”