Owning a home remains a key element of the American Dream. In fact, a recent survey by TD Bank revealed that 84 percent of renters ages 18 to 34 intend to buy a home in the future. While it is exciting, home buying can be overwhelming and complicated if you don’t have a general knowledge of the process.
Equipping yourself with the right tools will allow you to navigate the complexities of the home-buying process. Here are five helpful steps to follow on your way to homeownership.
• Step 1: Learn the home-buying ABCs. Build your homeownership knowledge by participating in a first-time homebuyer class at a local nonprofit agency or school district community education department. Staying well-informed will help you feel confident and in control of this major financial decision and nip any initial questions in the bud.
• Step 2: Get out your calculator. Owning a home requires a large investment of time, energy and money, so make sure you are careful when making the decision to buy. If you’re like 43 percent of TD Bank survey respondents, staying within budget is the top consideration. It is important to determine how much you can afford — you don’t want to fall in love with a house that is out of your reach.
When applying for a mortgage, the bank will assess your debt-to-income ratio. By looking at your income and current monthly debts, you can determine your ideal monthly payment. From there, you’ll be able to narrow the focus of your house search to homes in your price range. Be sure to include down payments and other upfront costs in your calculations.
A few free, helpful online tools can help you determine just how much you could potentially afford. For example, visit TDBank.com and check out its mortgage calculator.
• Step 3: Shop wisely. Condo? Single-family home? Fixer-upper or new construction? Once you know how much you can afford, determining your housing needs, and selecting a qualified real estate professional before you start looking, will help make finding your perfect home much less time-consuming. In addition to being able to answer any questions that come up during the process, a real estate professional will work on your behalf to prescreen houses and guide you through negotiations.
• Step 4: Pick your perfect match. According to the survey, acquiring a mortgage and making a down payment is the most preferred method of payment for those who intend to own a home. With the variety of mortgage products that exists today, it’s essential you choose the right one for your needs.
How long do you plan on living in this house? Do you plan on making improvements to the home? Answering these types of questions will help you home in on your financial strategy. Finding the right mortgage is about more than a rate and terms — it’s about finding the right financial partner. Look for flexible options and a bank that offers a hassle-free mortgage guarantee to ensure your first home purchase is as smooth and worry-free as possible.
• Step 5: Sign on the dotted line. Once your home has been inspected, your contingencies have been met and your mortgage has been approved, it’s time to close the deal. In most cases, a closing officer and your attorney will be present during closing.
As the buyer, you should make sure to bring a binder for a homeowner’s insurance document (proving you have adequate homeowner’s insurance), a paid receipt for the first year’s premium and a certified or cashier’s check for your down payment and closing costs. Before the closing begins, review your mortgage, mortgage note and settlement statement documents to ensure there are no errors or red flags. Remember to ask questions during the closing, as the closing officer is there to help.
After you’ve signed all documents and paid your closing costs and down payment, the closing is finished. Congratulations and enjoy your new home.